These Are The 10 New York Cities With The Largest Black Population For 2019


We used science and data to determine which cities in New York have the largest African American population.

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Editor’s Note: We updated this article for 2019. This is our second time ranking the cities in New York with the largest African American population.

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The Black community is one of the fastest growing communities in America this decade.

There are now 42 million people who identify as Black or African American living in America, making up 12% of the total population. According to the most recent American Community Survey, the Black population in New York is 2,829,883 – at 14.4% of the total population of New York.

The percentage growth of Blacks in America is the third largest percentage change for any race according to the Census’s race and ethnicity definition. As most scholars and historians agree, an increase in the diversity in America is a good thing.

We agree.

But how has the increase in the black population impacted New York? Which cities and towns in New York have seen the greatest increase in its Black population?

We broke down the most recent census data to determine the cities in New York with the largest African American population in 2019:

  1. Mount Vernon (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  2. Hempstead (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  3. Rochester (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  4. Poughkeepsie (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  5. Spring Valley (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  6. Buffalo (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  7. Freeport (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  8. Syracuse (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  9. Monticello (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  10. Albany (Photos | Homes For Sale)

Mount Vernon took the number one over all spot for the largest Black population in New York for 2019. See if it ranked as one of the most african american cities in America.

Read on below to see how we crunched the numbers and how your town ranked.

To see where New York ranked as a state on diversity, we have a ranking of the most diverse states in America.

And if you already knew these places were Black, check out the best places to live in New York or the most diverse places in New York.

How We Determined The Cities In New York With The Largest Black Population For 2019

We still believe in the accuracy of data — especially from the census. So that’s where we went to get the breakdown of race across New York.

That lead us to the Census’s most recently available data, the 2013-2017 American Community Survey data from the US Census.

Specifically, we looked at table B03002: Hispanic OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE. Here are the category names as defined by the Census:

  • Hispanic or Latino
  • White alone*
  • Black or African American alone*
  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone*
  • Asian alone*
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone*
  • Some other race alone*
  • Two or more races*
* Not Hispanic or latino

Our particular column of interest here was the number of people who identified as Black or African American.

We limited our analysis to non-CDPs with a population greater than 5,000 people. That left us with 164 cities.

We then calculated the percent of residents that are Black or African American. The percentages ranked from 64.3% to 0.0%.

Finally, we ranked each city based on the percent of Black population with a higher score being more Black than a lower score. Mount Vernon took the distinction of being the most Black, while Cedarhurst was the least African American city.

Read on for more information on how the cities in New York ranked by population of African American residents or, for a more general take on diversity in America, head over to our ranking of the most diverse cities in America.

Mount Vernon, NY

Source: Public domain
Overall SnackAbility

8
/10

Population: 68,671
% African American: 64.34%
# Of African American Residents: 44,185
Percent Change Since 2010: 10.41%
More on Mount Vernon: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Mount Vernon is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. It is an inner suburb of New York City, immediately to the north of the borough of the Bronx. As of the 2010 census, Mount Vernon had a population of 67,292.

Hempstead, NY

Source: Public domain
Overall SnackAbility

6
/10

Population: 55,698
% African American: 44.67%
# Of African American Residents: 24,879
Percent Change Since 2010: -5.36%
More on Hempstead: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Hempstead is one of the three towns in Nassau County, New York, United States, occupying the southwestern part of the county, in the western half of Long Island. Twenty-two incorporated villages are completely or partially within the town. Hempstead’s combined population was 759,757 at the 2010 Census, the majority of the population of the county and by far the most of any town in New York. Also, a village named Hempstead is within the Town.

Rochester, NY

Overall SnackAbility

4
/10

Population: 209,463
% African American: 38.52%
# Of African American Residents: 80,684
Percent Change Since 2010: -3.17%
More on Rochester: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Rochester is a city on the southern shore of Lake Ontario in Western New York. Rochester is the third most populous city in New York state with over 210,000 residents, and its metropolitan area has a population of nearly 1.1 million people.

Poughkeepsie, NY

Source: Public domain
Overall SnackAbility

6
/10

Population: 30,505
% African American: 36.66%
# Of African American Residents: 11,183
Percent Change Since 2010: -4.68%
More on Poughkeepsie: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Poughkeepsie, officially the City of Poughkeepsie, is a city in the state of New York, United States, which is the county seat of Dutchess County. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 32,736. Poughkeepsie is in the Hudson Valley midway between New York City and Albany, and is part of the New York metropolitan area. The name derives from a word in the Wappinger language, roughly U-puku-ipi-sing, meaning “the reed-covered lodge by the little-water place,” referring to a spring or stream feeding into the Hudson River south of the present downtown area.

Spring Valley, NY

Overall SnackAbility

6
/10

Population: 32,538
% African American: 36.32%
# Of African American Residents: 11,819
Percent Change Since 2010: 6.54%
More on Spring Valley: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Spring Valley is a village in the towns of Ramapo and Clarkstown in Rockland County, New York, United States. It is located north of Chestnut Ridge, east of Airmont and Monsey, south of Hillcrest, and west of Nanuet. The population was 31,347 at the 2010 census, making it the 2nd most populous community in Rockland County, after New City.

Buffalo, NY

Overall SnackAbility

4
/10

Population: 259,574
% African American: 36.29%
# Of African American Residents: 94,204
Percent Change Since 2010: -6.12%
More on Buffalo: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Buffalo is the second-largest city in the U.S. state of New York and the 81st-most populous city in the United States. As of July 2016, the population was 256,902, a slight decrease from the 2010 census. It is the principal municipality of the Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area, a region with 1,134,210 residents in the MSA and 1,213,668 in the CSA. The city serves as the county seat of Erie County. The city also is a major gateway for commerce and travel at the Canada-United States border, forming part of the bi-national Buffalo Niagara Region.

Freeport, NY

Overall SnackAbility

7
/10

Population: 43,380
% African American: 29.61%
# Of African American Residents: 12,845
Percent Change Since 2010: 1.87%
More on Freeport: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Freeport is a village in the town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, USA, on the South Shore of Long Island. The population was 43,713 at the 2010 census. A settlement since the 1640s, it was once an oystering community and later a resort popular with the New York City theater community. It is now primarily a bedroom suburb but retains a modest commercial waterfront and some light industry.

Syracuse, NY

Overall SnackAbility

4
/10

Population: 144,405
% African American: 27.82%
# Of African American Residents: 40,168
Percent Change Since 2010: -1.11%
More on Syracuse: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Syracuse is a city in and the county seat of Onondaga County, New York, in the United States. It is the largest U.S. city with the name “Syracuse”, and is the fifth most populous city in the state of New York following New York City, Buffalo Rochester and Yonkers. At the 2010 census, the city population was 145,252, and its metropolitan area had a population of 662,577. It is the economic and educational hub of Central New York, a region with over one million inhabitants. Syracuse is also well-provided with convention sites, with a downtown convention complex. Syracuse was named after the original Greek city Syracuse, a city on the eastern coast of the Italian island of Sicily.

Monticello, NY

Overall SnackAbility

5
/10

Population: 6,562
% African American: 27.42%
# Of African American Residents: 1,799
Percent Change Since 2010: -20.85%
More on Monticello: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Monticello is a village located in Thompson in Sullivan County, New York, United States. The population was 6,726 at the 2010 census. It is the seat for the Town of Thompson and the county seat of Sullivan County. The village was named after the residence of Thomas Jefferson.

Albany, NY

Overall SnackAbility

6
/10

Population: 98,498
% African American: 27.23%
# Of African American Residents: 26,819
Percent Change Since 2010: -4.63%
More on Albany: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Albany AWL-b-nee) is the capital of the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County. Roughly 150 miles north of New York City, Albany developed on the west bank of the Hudson River, about 10 miles south of its confluence with the Mohawk River. The population of the City of Albany was 97,856 according to the 2010 census. Albany constitutes the economic and cultural core of the Capital District of New York State, which comprises the Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area, including the nearby cities and suburbs of Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga Springs. With a 2013 Census-estimated population of 1.1 million the Capital District is the third-most populous metropolitan region in the state and 38th in the United States.

There You Have It – Black Populations Across New York

If you’re looking for a breakdown of African American populations across New York according to the most recent data, this is an accurate list.

If you’re curious enough, here are the least African American places in New York:

  1. Cedarhurst
  2. Kiryas Joel
  3. Fairport

For more New York reading, check out:

Detailed List Of The Most African American Cities In New York

Rank City % African American Population
1 Mount Vernon 64.34% 68,671
2 Hempstead 44.67% 55,698
3 Rochester 38.52% 209,463
4 Poughkeepsie 36.66% 30,505
5 Spring Valley 36.32% 32,538
6 Buffalo 36.29% 259,574
7 Freeport 29.61% 43,380
8 Syracuse 27.82% 144,405
9 Monticello 27.42% 6,562
10 Albany 27.23% 98,498
11 Newburgh 25.86% 28,444
12 Westbury 24.27% 15,396
13 Nyack 24.2% 7,057
14 Valley Stream 23.11% 37,843
15 Niagara Falls 22.42% 48,976
16 New York 22.03% 8,560,072
17 Hudson 21.73% 6,452
18 Chestnut Ridge 21.09% 8,118
19 Peekskill 19.93% 24,111
20 Middletown 19.49% 27,729
21 Schenectady 19.39% 65,705
22 New Rochelle 18.53% 79,877
23 New Hempstead 16.35% 5,359
24 Beacon 16.17% 14,279
25 Troy 15.44% 49,826
26 Yonkers 15.15% 200,999
27 Kingston 15.01% 23,419
28 Utica 14.74% 61,114
29 Port Jervis 14.57% 8,670
30 Ossining 14.48% 25,386
31 Elmira 14.41% 28,302
32 West Haverstraw 13.62% 10,353
33 White Plains 11.99% 58,404
34 Pelham 11.89% 7,016
35 Albion 11.19% 5,614
36 Binghamton 11.18% 45,964
37 Watervliet 10.3% 10,201
38 Geneva 8.88% 13,048
39 Auburn 8.36% 26,962
40 Endicott 8.36% 12,980
41 Haverstraw 8.28% 12,181
42 Washingtonville 8.05% 5,774
43 Wappingers Falls 7.87% 5,416
44 Glen Cove 7.77% 27,376
45 Tuckahoe 7.72% 6,656
46 Newark 7.65% 9,029
47 Lackawanna 7.53% 18,012
48 East Rochester 7.18% 6,646
49 Ogdensburg 7.06% 10,851
50 Mamaroneck 7.05% 19,327
51 Johnson City 7.01% 14,728
52 Watertown 6.8% 26,437
53 Medina 6.71% 5,814
54 Croton-On-Hudson 6.62% 8,257
55 Lockport 6.41% 20,676
56 Amityville 6.38% 9,513
57 Malverne 6.29% 8,583
58 Long Beach 6.18% 33,657
59 Batavia 6.15% 14,868
60 Rome 6.09% 32,589
61 Potsdam 6.07% 9,710
62 Walden 6.02% 6,781
63 Dobbs Ferry 6.01% 11,141
64 Ithaca 5.92% 30,720
65 Canton 5.84% 6,553
66 Monroe 5.63% 8,579
67 Rensselaer 5.49% 9,375
68 Cohoes 5.41% 16,574
69 Kenmore 5.39% 15,319
70 Woodbury 5.37% 10,791
71 Olean 5.15% 13,911
72 Rockville Centre 5.14% 24,485
73 Patchogue 4.96% 12,425
74 Tarr 4.95% 11,534
75 Jamestown 4.75% 30,094
76 Mount Kisco 4.48% 10,994
77 Johnstown 4.46% 8,358
78 Williamsville 4.2% 5,263
79 Port Chester 4.19% 29,623
80 Sleepy Hollow 4.11% 10,190
81 Plattsburgh 4.08% 19,734
82 Hastings-On-Hudson 4.02% 7,993
83 Webster 3.99% 5,558
84 Bath 3.99% 5,611
85 New Paltz 3.96% 7,040
86 Farmingdale 3.89% 8,719
87 Harrison 3.86% 28,319
88 Brockport 3.77% 8,415
89 Oneonta 3.73% 13,932
90 North Syracuse 3.71% 6,719
91 Salamanca 3.59% 5,594
92 Lynbrook 3.57% 19,706
93 Pleasantville 3.48% 7,275
94 Mechanicville 3.46% 5,177
95 Dunkirk 3.45% 12,064
96 Warwick 3.26% 6,801
97 Fredonia 3.25% 10,695
98 Saranac Lake 3.17% 5,670
99 Herkimer 3.07% 7,361
100 Briarcliff Manor 2.99% 7,864

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One thought on “These Are The 10 New York Cities With The Largest Black Population For 2019

  1. This is wrong. The city with the largest Black population in NY and also the whole nation is NYC. NYC has about 2 million Black people. If fact there are 200,000 Black business in NYC. Just the number of Black businesses in NYC is almost 4 times Black residents in Mt. Vernon.

    NYC has more Blacks than any other city in the nation. White publications should stick to what they know best and leave the demographics to us.

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