New York Cities With The Largest Black Population For 2020


We used science and data to determine which cities in New York have the largest African American population.

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Editor’s Note: We updated this article for 2020. This is our sixth time ranking the cities in New York with the largest African American population.

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The Black community is one of the fastest growing communities in America this decade.

There are now 42 million people who identify as Black or African American living in America, making up 12% of the total population. According to the most recent American Community Survey, the Black population in New York is 2,808,679 – at 14.3% of the total population of New York.

The percentage growth of Blacks in America is the third largest percentage change for any race according to the Census’s race and ethnicity definition. As most scholars and historians agree, an increase in the diversity in America is a good thing.

We agree.

But how has the increase in the black population impacted New York? Which cities and towns in New York have seen the greatest increase in its Black population?

We broke down the most recent census data to determine the cities in New York with the largest African American population in 2020:

  1. Mount Vernon (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  2. Hempstead (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  3. Rochester (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  4. Poughkeepsie (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  5. Buffalo (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  6. Spring Valley (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  7. Monticello (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  8. Freeport (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  9. Syracuse (Photos | Homes For Sale)
  10. Albany (Photos | Homes For Sale)

What’s the blackest city in New York? Mount Vernon took the number one over all spot for the largest Black population in New York for 2020. See if it ranked as one of the most african american cities in America.

Read on below to see how we crunched the numbers and how your town ranked.

To see where New York ranked as a state on diversity, we have a ranking of the most diverse states in America.

And if you already knew these places were Black, check out the best places to live in New York or the most diverse places in New York.

The 10 Blackest Cities In New York For 2020

Mount Vernon, NY

Source: Public domain
Overall SnackAbility

8
/10

Population: 68,035
% African American: 63.11%
# Of African American Residents: 42,935
Percent Change Since 2010: 7.28%
More on Mount Vernon: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Mount Vernon is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. It is an inner suburb of New York City, immediately to the north of the borough of the Bronx. As of the 2010 census, Mount Vernon had a population of 67,292.

Hempstead, NY

Source: Public domain
Overall SnackAbility

6
/10

Population: 55,399
% African American: 44.56%
# Of African American Residents: 24,684
Percent Change Since 2010: -6.1%
More on Hempstead: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Hempstead is one of the three towns in Nassau County, New York, United States, occupying the southwestern part of the county, in the western half of Long Island. Twenty-two incorporated villages are completely or partially within the town. Hempstead’s combined population was 759,757 at the 2010 Census, the majority of the population of the county and by far the most of any town in New York. Also, a village named Hempstead is within the Town.

Rochester, NY

Overall SnackAbility

4
/10

Population: 207,778
% African American: 38.19%
# Of African American Residents: 79,344
Percent Change Since 2010: -4.78%
More on Rochester: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Rochester is a city on the southern shore of Lake Ontario in Western New York. Rochester is the third most populous city in New York state with over 210,000 residents, and its metropolitan area has a population of nearly 1.1 million people.

Poughkeepsie, NY

Source: Public domain
Overall SnackAbility

6
/10

Population: 30,356
% African American: 36.44%
# Of African American Residents: 11,063
Percent Change Since 2010: -5.7%
More on Poughkeepsie: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Poughkeepsie, officially the City of Poughkeepsie, is a city in the state of New York, United States, which is the county seat of Dutchess County. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 32,736. Poughkeepsie is in the Hudson Valley midway between New York City and Albany, and is part of the New York metropolitan area. The name derives from a word in the Wappinger language, roughly U-puku-ipi-sing, meaning “the reed-covered lodge by the little-water place,” referring to a spring or stream feeding into the Hudson River south of the present downtown area.

Buffalo, NY

Overall SnackAbility

4
/10

Population: 257,518
% African American: 35.72%
# Of African American Residents: 91,978
Percent Change Since 2010: -8.33%
More on Buffalo: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Buffalo is the second-largest city in the U.S. state of New York and the 81st-most populous city in the United States. As of July 2016, the population was 256,902, a slight decrease from the 2010 census. It is the principal municipality of the Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area, a region with 1,134,210 residents in the MSA and 1,213,668 in the CSA. The city serves as the county seat of Erie County. The city also is a major gateway for commerce and travel at the Canada-United States border, forming part of the bi-national Buffalo Niagara Region.

Spring Valley, NY

Overall SnackAbility

6
/10

Population: 32,281
% African American: 34.87%
# Of African American Residents: 11,255
Percent Change Since 2010: 1.45%
More on Spring Valley: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Spring Valley is a village in the towns of Ramapo and Clarkstown in Rockland County, New York, United States. It is located north of Chestnut Ridge, east of Airmont and Monsey, south of Hillcrest, and west of Nanuet. The population was 31,347 at the 2010 census, making it the 2nd most populous community in Rockland County, after New City.

Monticello, NY

Overall SnackAbility

5
/10

Population: 6,476
% African American: 30.53%
# Of African American Residents: 1,977
Percent Change Since 2010: -13.02%
More on Monticello: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Monticello is a village located in Thompson in Sullivan County, New York, United States. The population was 6,726 at the 2010 census. It is the seat for the Town of Thompson and the county seat of Sullivan County. The village was named after the residence of Thomas Jefferson.

Freeport, NY

Overall SnackAbility

7
/10

Population: 43,128
% African American: 29.18%
# Of African American Residents: 12,586
Percent Change Since 2010: -0.18%
More on Freeport: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Freeport is a village in the town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, USA, on the South Shore of Long Island. The population was 43,713 at the 2010 census. A settlement since the 1640s, it was once an oystering community and later a resort popular with the New York City theater community. It is now primarily a bedroom suburb but retains a modest commercial waterfront and some light industry.

Syracuse, NY

Overall SnackAbility

4
/10

Population: 143,293
% African American: 28.47%
# Of African American Residents: 40,798
Percent Change Since 2010: 0.44%
More on Syracuse: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Syracuse is a city in and the county seat of Onondaga County, New York, in the United States. It is the largest U.S. city with the name “Syracuse”, and is the fifth most populous city in the state of New York following New York City, Buffalo Rochester and Yonkers. At the 2010 census, the city population was 145,252, and its metropolitan area had a population of 662,577. It is the economic and educational hub of Central New York, a region with over one million inhabitants. Syracuse is also well-provided with convention sites, with a downtown convention complex. Syracuse was named after the original Greek city Syracuse, a city on the eastern coast of the Italian island of Sicily.

Albany, NY

Overall SnackAbility

6
/10

Population: 97,889
% African American: 27.92%
# Of African American Residents: 27,329
Percent Change Since 2010: -2.82%
More on Albany: Real Estate | Data | Photos

Albany AWL-b-nee) is the capital of the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County. Roughly 150 miles north of New York City, Albany developed on the west bank of the Hudson River, about 10 miles south of its confluence with the Mohawk River. The population of the City of Albany was 97,856 according to the 2010 census. Albany constitutes the economic and cultural core of the Capital District of New York State, which comprises the Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area, including the nearby cities and suburbs of Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga Springs. With a 2013 Census-estimated population of 1.1 million the Capital District is the third-most populous metropolitan region in the state and 38th in the United States.

How We Determined The Cities In New York With The Largest Black Population For 2020

We still believe in the accuracy of data — especially from the census. So that’s where we went to get the breakdown of race across New York.

That lead us to the Census’s most recently available data, the 2014-2018 American Community Survey data from the US Census.

Specifically, we looked at table B03002: Hispanic OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE. Here are the category names as defined by the Census:

  • Hispanic or Latino
  • White alone*
  • Black or African American alone*
  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone*
  • Asian alone*
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone*
  • Some other race alone*
  • Two or more races*
* Not Hispanic or latino

Our particular column of interest here was the number of people who identified as Black or African American.

We limited our analysis to non-CDPs with a population greater than 5,000 people. That left us with 163 cities.

We then calculated the percent of residents that are Black or African American. The percentages ranked from 63.1% to 0.0%.

Finally, we ranked each city based on the percent of Black population with a higher score being more Black than a lower score. Mount Vernon took the distinction of being the most Black, while Kiryas Joel was the least African American city. You can download the data here.

Read on for more information on how the cities in New York ranked by population of African American residents or, for a more general take on diversity in America, head over to our ranking of the most diverse cities in America.

There You Have It – Black Populations Across New York

If you’re looking for a breakdown of African American populations across New York according to the most recent data, this is an accurate list.

If you’re curious enough, here are the least African American places in New York:

  1. Kiryas Joel
  2. Tonawanda
  3. Fairport

For more New York reading, check out:

Detailed List Of The Most African American Cities In New York

Rank City % African American Population
1 Mount Vernon 63.11% 68,035
2 Hempstead 44.56% 55,399
3 Rochester 38.19% 207,778
4 Poughkeepsie 36.44% 30,356
5 Buffalo 35.72% 257,518
6 Spring Valley 34.87% 32,281
7 Monticello 30.53% 6,476
8 Freeport 29.18% 43,128
9 Syracuse 28.47% 143,293
10 Albany 27.92% 97,889
11 Nyack 27.18% 7,188
12 Valley Stream 26.16% 37,609
13 Westbury 25.05% 15,320
14 Newburgh 24.25% 28,282
15 New York 21.95% 8,443,713
16 Niagara Falls 21.35% 48,661
17 Hudson 21.34% 6,339
18 Peekskill 20.76% 24,008
19 Middletown 19.91% 27,644
20 New Hempstead 19.44% 5,354
21 Schenectady 19.31% 65,482
22 New Rochelle 18.81% 79,205
23 Chestnut Ridge 17.57% 8,057
24 Troy 15.74% 49,610
25 Yonkers 15.45% 199,745
26 Kingston 15.39% 23,210
27 Beacon 15.34% 14,279
28 Ossining 15.31% 25,174
29 Utica 15.22% 60,675
30 Albion 14.21% 5,439
31 Elmira 13.88% 27,695
32 Pelham 12.36% 6,949
33 Walden 12.19% 6,726
34 West Haverstraw 12.08% 10,253
35 Binghamton 11.69% 45,503
36 Amityville 10.98% 9,452
37 White Plains 10.82% 58,040
38 Watervliet 10.59% 10,120
39 Lackawanna 9.58% 17,859
40 Endicott 9.08% 12,872
41 Geneva 9.07% 12,888
42 Auburn 8.99% 26,779
43 Glen Cove 8.43% 27,226
44 Wappingers Falls 8.41% 5,663
45 Washingtonville 8.02% 5,748
46 Haverstraw 7.78% 12,081
47 Lockport 7.6% 20,580
48 Watertown 7.46% 26,057
49 Pelham Manor 7.1% 5,595
50 Johnson City 7.03% 14,575
51 Malverne 7.01% 8,535
52 Ogdensburg 6.83% 10,748
53 Dobbs Ferry 6.71% 11,027
54 Rome 6.61% 32,338
55 Newark 6.61% 8,937
56 Long Beach 6.56% 33,509
57 East Rochester 6.44% 6,603
58 Canton 6.2% 6,501
59 Ithaca 6.15% 30,568
60 Mamaroneck 6.11% 19,213
61 Port Jervis 5.97% 8,614
62 Medina 5.96% 5,839
63 Rockville Centre 5.86% 24,442
64 Woodbury 5.73% 10,735
65 Kenmore 5.64% 15,191
66 Monroe 5.62% 8,578
67 Potsdam 5.54% 9,281
68 Harrison 5.52% 27,956
69 Croton-On-Hudson 5.43% 8,183
70 Sleepy Hollow 5.36% 10,138
71 Rensselaer 5.26% 9,290
72 Batavia 5.05% 14,719
73 Warwick 4.99% 6,779
74 Mount Kisco 4.95% 10,894
75 Bath 4.9% 5,572
76 Olean 4.75% 13,805
77 Cohoes 4.73% 16,599
78 Tarr 4.69% 11,459
79 Johnstown 4.47% 8,307
80 Patchogue 4.44% 12,398
81 Jamestown 4.35% 29,799
82 Webster 4.19% 5,565
83 Pleasantville 4.19% 7,214
84 Plattsburgh 4.09% 19,515
85 North Syracuse 4.04% 6,740
86 Hastings-On-Hudson 3.96% 7,964
87 Brockport 3.94% 8,350
88 Suffern 3.8% 10,926
89 Farmingdale 3.73% 8,842
90 Saranac Lake 3.73% 5,552
91 Hilton 3.69% 5,858
92 Oneonta 3.59% 13,834
93 New Paltz 3.51% 7,175
94 Dunkirk 3.5% 11,950
95 Fredonia 3.46% 10,637
96 Williamsville 3.41% 5,247
97 Herkimer 3.29% 6,899
98 Lindenhurst 3.26% 27,053
99 Amsterdam 3.25% 17,927
100 Solvay 3.22% 6,364

How Is The Area In ?

About Chris Kolmar

Chris Kolmar has been in the real estate business for almost ten years now. He originally worked for Movoto Real Estate as the director of marketing before founding HomeSnacks.

He believes the key to finding the right place to live comes down to looking at the data, reading about things to do, and, most importantly, checking it out yourself before you move.

If you've been looking for a place to live in the past several years, you've probably stumbled upon his writing already.

You can find out more about him on LinkedIn or his website.

One thought on “New York Cities With The Largest Black Population, 2020

  1. This is wrong. The city with the largest Black population in NY and also the whole nation is NYC. NYC has about 2 million Black people. If fact there are 200,000 Black business in NYC. Just the number of Black businesses in NYC is almost 4 times Black residents in Mt. Vernon.

    NYC has more Blacks than any other city in the nation. White publications should stick to what they know best and leave the demographics to us.

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