Illinois brings to mind images of Springfield, beautiful landscapes, and some of the best people you’ll find in the good ole US of A.
However, like all states, Illinois has certain places that are going on hard times. These places have an above average percent of people that are living in poverty, out of work, or not making as much as they should be.
With all the talk about income inequality going on around the country, we thought it prudent to take a look at the places in each state that are struggling to make it even as the economy continues to improve. So we set our sites on bringing attention to the places in Illinois that could use a helping hand.
To do so, we analyzed the newest Census data from the American Community Survey for the 334 places in Illinois with more than 5,000 people.
We were left with this set of the ten poorest places in the Prairie State for 2018:
- Harvey (Photos)
- East St. Louis
- Kankakee (Photos)
- West Frankfort (Photos)
- Alton (Photos)
Again, this isn’t a commentary on the people that live there or the vibrant culture and traditions of these places. Instead, it’s just a look at the facts.
And according to the facts, Centreville is the poorest place in Illinois for 2018.
For more on how we calculated the top ten, and for more information about these places, read on.
How We Determined The Poorest Places In Illinois For 2018
The first thing that comes to most people’s minds when they think about determining the poorest places is to simply the poverty rate. That is, the number of people living below a federally established level of income for a household of a certain size.
However, we don’t think that one statistic wholly encompasses what it means to be one of the ‘poorest places’. So we looked at this set of criteria from the newly released 2012-2016 American Community Survey:
- Poverty Level
- Median Household Income adjusted for the cost of living
- Unemployment Rate
The ‘median household income adjusted for the cost of living’ attempts to gauge how expensive it is to live in a place and how that impacts the quality of life. For example, a town might have fewer people living below the official poverty line, but the cost of living is so high they’d still feel poor.
The unemployment rate tries to capture the prospects for improvement in the city or town. If more people are employed, the brighter the future looks and vice versa.
After we collected the data for all 334 places with more than 5,000 people in Illinois, we ranked each place from 1 to 334 for each of the criteria, with 1 being the poorest.
We then averaged all the rankings for a place into a ‘Poor Score’ with the place having the lowest overall Poor Score, Centreville, crowned the ‘Poorest Place In Illinois For 2018’.
You can learn more about the top ten below or skip to the end to see the rankings for all 334 places.
Population: 5,127 Median Income: $16,715
Unemployment Rate: 22.2%
Poverty Rate: 50.1%
Centreville, unfortunately, ranks as the poorest place in Illinois thanks to combination of low pay and and a lack of jobs.
The city of 5,127 people averages the 1st lowest median household income in Illinois and the 1st highest poverty rate. At the very least, the cost of living ranks in the bottom 15% of place in the state, so things like housing are relatively affordable.
Population: 25,625Median Income: $21,909
Unemployment Rate: 20.7%
Poverty Rate: 37.9%
The second poorest city in Illinois is Harvey.
The city ranks as having the 4th highest incidence of poverty and 4th lowest median household income. However, the unemployment rate ‘only’ ranks as the 7th highest in the Prairie State.
3. East St. Louis
Population: 26,731Median Income: $19,946
Unemployment Rate: 15.8%
Poverty Rate: 44.7%
Placing as the third poorest city, East St. Louis’s median income ranks as the 3rd lowest.
And that’s a sign that there’s a relatively substantial jump in the quality of the economy from second to third place on our list. The poverty rate is 44.7% and ranks near the bottom of places in the state.
But what makes up for the relatively low incomes of the city is its low cost of living. The income you do make here goes further than in most parts of the Prairie State.
Population: 13,047Median Income: $31,438
Unemployment Rate: 22.6%
Poverty Rate: 30.1%
Riverdale ranks as the fourth poorest place in Illinois.
The town ranks as having the 9th lowest median household income and the 13th highest incidence of poverty in the state.
That being said, there’s still a ton of cultural diversity in the city as it hosts many events throughout the year.
Population: 5,216 Median Income: $30,490
Unemployment Rate: 15.5%
Poverty Rate: 33.5%
The fifth poorest city in Illinois is Robbins.
The city ranks as having the 8th lowest median income in the state. However, an extremely low cost of living prevents a good number of folks from living in poverty as the poverty rate only ranks as the 8th highest in Illinois.
Still not the best news for Robbins.
Population: 14,574Median Income: $28,439
Unemployment Rate: 13.3%
Poverty Rate: 34.5%
Cahokia ranks as the sixth poorest place in the Prairie State.
It ranks as having the 5th highest incidence of poverty and the 29th highest unemployment rate.
Population: 26,424Median Income: $33,931
Unemployment Rate: 13.3%
Poverty Rate: 32.7%
Kankakee places as the seventh poorest city in Illinois.
The city of over 26,424 ranks as having the 10th highest incidence of poverty in the state. However, it has a very low cost of living which helps to pay the bills each month.
8. West Frankfort
Population: 7,941Median Income: $30,211
Unemployment Rate: 13.8%
Poverty Rate: 23.4%
West Frankfort ranks as the eighth poorest city in Illinois.
The big issue for the town is the unemployment rate which ranks as the 25th highest in the state.
Population: 12,696Median Income: $32,613
Unemployment Rate: 12.7%
Poverty Rate: 27.6%
Centralia couldn’t stay out of the top ten poorest places in Illinois; it ranks number 9.
While the median income is the 11th lowest, there are a substantial number of people that live below the poverty line. Overall, Centralia ranks as having the 17th most people living in poverty of all the places we analyzed in Illinois.
Population: 27,175Median Income: $37,108
Unemployment Rate: 14.6%
Poverty Rate: 28.1%
And rounding out the top ten poorest cities in Illinois is Alton.
The city of 27,175 people ranks in the bottom 20% for both median income and poverty rate in the Prairie State.
There You Have It – The Poorest Places In Illinois For 2018
Like we said earlier, when we set out to identify the poorest places in Illinois, we weren’t sure what we’d encounter, but it ended up being some of the best places to live in Illinois.
When you look at the data, the cities and places mentioned above meet the criteria for being at the very bottom of the income ladder for everyone that lives there.
If you’re curious enough, here are the richest cities in Illinois, according to data:
Richest: Western Springs
2nd Richest: Winnetka
3rd Richest: Glencoe
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