North Dakota brings to mind images of Bismarck, beautiful landscapes, and some of the best people you’ll find in the good ole US of A.
However, like all states, North Dakota has certain places that are going on hard times. These places have an above average percent of people that are living in poverty, out of work, or not making as much as they should be.
With all the talk about income inequality going on around the country, we thought it prudent to take a look at the places in each state that are struggling to make it even as the economy continues to improve. So we set our sites on bringing attention to the places in North Dakota that could use a helping hand.
To do so, we analyzed the newest Census data from the American Community Survey for the 25 places in North Dakota with more than 2,000 people.
We were left with this set of the ten poorest places in the Peace Garden State for 2018:
- Grand Forks (Photos)
- New Town
- Fargo (Photos)
- Wahpeton (Photos)
- Devils Lake (Photos)
- Valley City (Photos)
- Jamestown (Photos)
Again, this isn’t a commentary on the people that live there or the vibrant culture and traditions of these places. Instead, it’s just a look at the facts.
And according to the facts, Grafton is the poorest place in North Dakota for 2018.
For more on how we calculated the top ten, and for more information about these places, read on.
How We Determined The Poorest Places In North Dakota For 2018
The first thing that comes to most people’s minds when they think about determining the poorest places is to simply the poverty rate. That is, the number of people living below a federally established level of income for a household of a certain size.
However, we don’t think that one statistic wholly encompasses what it means to be one of the ‘poorest places’. So we looked at this set of criteria from the newly released 2012-2016 American Community Survey:
- Poverty Level
- Median Household Income adjusted for the cost of living
- Unemployment Rate
The ‘median household income adjusted for the cost of living’ attempts to gauge how expensive it is to live in a place and how that impacts the quality of life. For example, a town might have fewer people living below the official poverty line, but the cost of living is so high they’d still feel poor.
The unemployment rate tries to capture the prospects for improvement in the city or town. If more people are employed, the brighter the future looks and vice versa.
After we collected the data for all 25 places with more than 2,000 people in North Dakota, we ranked each place from 1 to 25 for each of the criteria, with 1 being the poorest.
We then averaged all the rankings for a place into a ‘Poor Score’ with the place having the lowest overall Poor Score, Grafton, crowned the ‘Poorest Place In North Dakota For 2018’.
You can learn more about the top ten below or skip to the end to see the rankings for all 25 places.
Population: 4,287Median Income: $44,926
Unemployment Rate: 5.2%
Poverty Rate: 15.0%
Grafton, unfortunately, ranks as the poorest place in North Dakota thanks to combination of low pay and and a lack of jobs.
The city of 4,287 people averages the 3rd lowest median household income in North Dakota and the 4th highest poverty rate. At the very least, the cost of living ranks in the bottom 15% of place in the state, so things like housing are relatively affordable.
2. Grand Forks
Population: 55,831Median Income: $47,593
Unemployment Rate: 3.7%
Poverty Rate: 20.6%
The second poorest city in North Dakota is Grand Forks.
The city ranks as having the 2nd highest incidence of poverty and 5th lowest median household income. However, the unemployment rate ‘only’ ranks as the 6th highest in the Peace Garden State.
3. New Town
Population: 2,403Median Income: $53,086
Unemployment Rate: 5.6%
Poverty Rate: 18.5%
Placing as the third poorest city, New Town’s median income ranks as the 10th lowest.
And that’s a sign that there’s a relatively substantial jump in the quality of the economy from second to third place on our list. The poverty rate is 18.5% and ranks near the bottom of places in the state.
But what makes up for the relatively low incomes of the city is its low cost of living. The income you do make here goes further than in most parts of the Peace Garden State.
Population: 115,950Median Income: $48,060
Unemployment Rate: 3.6%
Poverty Rate: 14.6%
Fargo ranks as the fourth poorest place in North Dakota.
The town ranks as having the 6th lowest median household income and the 6th highest incidence of poverty in the state.
That being said, there’s still a ton of cultural diversity in the city as it hosts many events throughout the year.
Population: 7,844Median Income: $49,375
Unemployment Rate: 4.0%
Poverty Rate: 12.7%
The fifth poorest city in North Dakota is Wahpeton.
The city ranks as having the 8th lowest median income in the state. However, an extremely low cost of living prevents a good number of folks from living in poverty as the poverty rate only ranks as the 7th highest in North Dakota.
Still not the best news for Wahpeton.
6. Devils Lake
Population: 7,299Median Income: $40,453
Unemployment Rate: 1.6%
Poverty Rate: 15.0%
Devils Lake ranks as the sixth poorest place in the Peace Garden State.
It ranks as having the 4th highest incidence of poverty and the 19th highest unemployment rate.
Population: 3,092Median Income: $37,450
Unemployment Rate: 0.0%
Poverty Rate: 21.1%
Rugby places as the seventh poorest city in North Dakota.
The city of over 3,092 ranks as having the 1st highest incidence of poverty in the state. However, it has a very low cost of living which helps to pay the bills each month.
Population: 2,340Median Income: $45,000
Unemployment Rate: 4.3%
Poverty Rate: 6.8%
Bottineau ranks as the eighth poorest city in North Dakota.
The big issue for the town is the unemployment rate which ranks as the 4th highest in the state.
9. Valley City
Population: 6,615Median Income: $52,176
Unemployment Rate: 3.6%
Poverty Rate: 10.1%
Valley City couldn’t stay out of the top ten poorest places in North Dakota; it ranks number 9.
While the median income is the 9th lowest, there are a substantial number of people that live below the poverty line. Overall, Valley City ranks as having the 11th most people living in poverty of all the places we analyzed in North Dakota.
Population: 15,441Median Income: $49,086
Unemployment Rate: 2.4%
Poverty Rate: 12.5%
And rounding out the top ten poorest cities in North Dakota is Jamestown.
The city of 15,441 people ranks in the bottom 20% for both median income and poverty rate in the Peace Garden State.
There You Have It – The Poorest Places In North Dakota For 2018
Like we said earlier, when we set out to identify the poorest places in North Dakota, we weren’t sure what we’d encounter, but it ended up being some of the best places to live in North Dakota.
When you look at the data, the cities and places mentioned above meet the criteria for being at the very bottom of the income ladder for everyone that lives there.
If you’re curious enough, here are the richest cities in North Dakota, according to data:
2nd Richest: Hazen
3rd Richest: West Fargo
For more North Dakota reading , check out:
Detailed List Of The Poorest Cities In North Dakota