Ohio brings to mind images of Columbus, beautiful landscapes, and some of the best people you’ll find in the good ole US of A.
However, like all states, Ohio has certain places that are going on hard times. These places have an above average percent of people that are living in poverty, out of work, or not making as much as they should be.
With all the talk about income inequality going on around the country, we thought it prudent to take a look at the places in each state that are struggling to make it even as the economy continues to improve. So we set our sites on bringing attention to the places in Ohio that could use a helping hand.
To do so, we analyzed the newest Census data from the American Community Survey for the 254 places in Ohio with more than 5,000 people.
We were left with this set of the ten poorest places in the Buckeye State for 2018:
- East Cleveland (Photos)
- Youngstown (Photos)
- Nelsonville (Photos)
- Cleveland (Photos)
- Dayton (Photos)
- Campbell (Photos)
- Portsmouth (Photos)
- Athens (Photos)
- Ashtabula (Photos)
- Cambridge (Photos)
Again, this isn’t a commentary on the people that live there or the vibrant culture and traditions of these places. Instead, it’s just a look at the facts.
And according to the facts, East Cleveland is the poorest place in Ohio for 2018.
For more on how we calculated the top ten, and for more information about these places, read on.
How We Determined The Poorest Places In Ohio For 2018
The first thing that comes to most people’s minds when they think about determining the poorest places is to simply the poverty rate. That is, the number of people living below a federally established level of income for a household of a certain size.
However, we don’t think that one statistic wholly encompasses what it means to be one of the ‘poorest places’. So we looked at this set of criteria from the newly released 2012-2016 American Community Survey:
- Poverty Level
- Median Household Income adjusted for the cost of living
- Unemployment Rate
The ‘median household income adjusted for the cost of living’ attempts to gauge how expensive it is to live in a place and how that impacts the quality of life. For example, a town might have fewer people living below the official poverty line, but the cost of living is so high they’d still feel poor.
The unemployment rate tries to capture the prospects for improvement in the city or town. If more people are employed, the brighter the future looks and vice versa.
After we collected the data for all 254 places with more than 5,000 people in Ohio, we ranked each place from 1 to 254 for each of the criteria, with 1 being the poorest.
We then averaged all the rankings for a place into a ‘Poor Score’ with the place having the lowest overall Poor Score, East Cleveland, crowned the ‘Poorest Place In Ohio For 2018’.
You can learn more about the top ten below or skip to the end to see the rankings for all 254 places.
1. East Cleveland
Population: 17,413Median Income: $19,953
Unemployment Rate: 24.9%
Poverty Rate: 41.8%
East Cleveland, unfortunately, ranks as the poorest place in Ohio thanks to combination of low pay and and a lack of jobs.
The city of 17,413 people averages the 1st lowest median household income in Ohio and the 3rd highest poverty rate. At the very least, the cost of living ranks in the bottom 15% of place in the state, so things like housing are relatively affordable.
Population: 65,161Median Income: $24,448
Unemployment Rate: 16.8%
Poverty Rate: 38.0%
The second poorest city in Ohio is Youngstown.
The city ranks as having the 5th highest incidence of poverty and 3rd lowest median household income. However, the unemployment rate ‘only’ ranks as the 4th highest in the Buckeye State.
Population: 5,249Median Income: $25,735
Unemployment Rate: 15.0%
Poverty Rate: 40.0%
Placing as the third poorest city, Nelsonville’s median income ranks as the 4th lowest.
And that’s a sign that there’s a relatively substantial jump in the quality of the economy from second to third place on our list. The poverty rate is 40.0% and ranks near the bottom of places in the state.
But what makes up for the relatively low incomes of the city is its low cost of living. The income you do make here goes further than in most parts of the Buckeye State.
Population: 389,165Median Income: $26,583
Unemployment Rate: 17.3%
Poverty Rate: 36.0%
Cleveland ranks as the fourth poorest place in Ohio.
The town ranks as having the 6th lowest median household income and the 6th highest incidence of poverty in the state.
That being said, there’s still a ton of cultural diversity in the city as it hosts many events throughout the year.
Population: 141,143Median Income: $28,745
Unemployment Rate: 13.3%
Poverty Rate: 34.5%
The fifth poorest city in Ohio is Dayton.
The city ranks as having the 8th lowest median income in the state. However, an extremely low cost of living prevents a good number of folks from living in poverty as the poverty rate only ranks as the 9th highest in Ohio.
Still not the best news for Dayton.
Population: 8,040Median Income: $28,952
Unemployment Rate: 18.0%
Poverty Rate: 29.2%
Campbell ranks as the sixth poorest place in the Buckeye State.
It ranks as having the 19th highest incidence of poverty and the 2nd highest unemployment rate.
Population: 20,393Median Income: $27,769
Unemployment Rate: 13.0%
Poverty Rate: 34.2%
Portsmouth places as the seventh poorest city in Ohio.
The city of over 20,393 ranks as having the 12th highest incidence of poverty in the state. However, it has a very low cost of living which helps to pay the bills each month.
Population: 24,365Median Income: $22,204
Unemployment Rate: 10.9%
Poverty Rate: 54.7%
Athens ranks as the eighth poorest city in Ohio.
The big issue for the town is the unemployment rate which ranks as the 33rd highest in the state.
Population: 18,540Median Income: $28,865
Unemployment Rate: 12.8%
Poverty Rate: 34.3%
Ashtabula couldn’t stay out of the top ten poorest places in Ohio; it ranks number 9.
While the median income is the 9th lowest, there are a substantial number of people that live below the poverty line. Overall, Ashtabula ranks as having the 11th most people living in poverty of all the places we analyzed in Ohio.
Population: 10,495Median Income: $30,795
Unemployment Rate: 13.3%
Poverty Rate: 31.2%
And rounding out the top ten poorest cities in Ohio is Cambridge.
The city of 10,495 people ranks in the bottom 20% for both median income and poverty rate in the Buckeye State.
There You Have It – The Poorest Places In Ohio For 2018
Like we said earlier, when we set out to identify the poorest places in Ohio, we weren’t sure what we’d encounter, but it ended up being some of the best places to live in Ohio.
When you look at the data, the cities and places mentioned above meet the criteria for being at the very bottom of the income ladder for everyone that lives there.
If you’re curious enough, here are the richest cities in Ohio, according to data:
2nd Richest: Grandview Heights
3rd Richest: The Village Of Indian Hill
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